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From: mica@world.std.com (mitchell swartz)
Subject: Cold Fusion Power Levels, Systems, References
Message-ID: <CntL4A.D33@world.std.com>
Organization: The World Public Access UNIX, Brookline, MA
Date: Wed, 6 Apr 1994 04:14:33 GMT
Lines: 214


This FAQ-Table continues the short list of some of the cold fusion
phenomena - and for those interested sources of more

Cold fusion, despite the sometimes rabid attacks of the TB-skeptics
now includes aqueous, gas, and solid-state systems. There is much
data available.

Thanks are in order to those who have avoided pathologic
criticism. Additions, suggestions, updates, and corrections are both
appreciated and invited.

Best wishes.

Mitchell Swartz

April 6 '94

1. Survey of Physical Results
2. Partial References.
3. Tabulation of Arguments against and order-of-magnitude calculations

1. Survey of Physical Results
============= Excess Power (milliwatts) === % of input =====
--- Representative Positive Results in Heavy Water/D2O --------------
Fleischmann & Pons (1989) 60 (circa)
Miles (1992) 540
McKubre (1992) 30% (ca. average input excess,
with rare bursts higher)

=========== Excess Power densities (W/cm3 Pd) ==============
--- Representative Positive Results in Heavy Water/D2O
1989 circa 10 W/cm3 Pd
1990 circa 100 W/cm3 Pd
1993 circa 1000 W/cm3 Pd
1994 circa 3000 W/cm3 Pd

=========== Helium-4 generation levels Heavy Water/D2O --------------
10^11 to ca. 3 x 10^11 helium-4/watt-sec (Miles 91, 92, 93)

============= Excess Power (watts) === % of input =====
--- Other Representative Positive Results D2 and D2O systems --------------
Stringham (1994 acoustic only D2O) 90 watts

=========== Excess Power ===================================
--- Representative Positive Results in Light Water/H2O --------
Mills (1989) (ca. several hundred % input, peak input ca. 160 W
Noninski (1991) 160%
Srinivasan (1993) 3.5 max 70% input
Notoya (1993) 2.7 max 270-240%

=========== Excess Power densities (W/cm2) ==============
--- Representative Positive Results in SrCeO3 --------------
Mizuno circa 100 W/cm2 Pt plates, gas phase, input
1993 less than ca. 1 mW.

=========== Excess Power (W) ==============
--- Representative Positive Results in glow discharge -----------
Kucherov 30 W (in ca. 50% of 78 expts,
1993 glow discharge, neutron flux to 10^7n/s

2. Partial References.


(soon "COLD FUSION") and several journals for sporadically good articles.

[ISSN 1072-2874; P.O. Box 81135, Wellesley Hills, MA 02181]
E-mail address: mica@world.std.com for information

"Cold Fusion" the magazine, available this month
The editor is Dr. Eugene F. Mallove, publisher is
Wayne Green, founder of Byte;WGI Center,
70 Rte. 202 North, Peterborough, NH 03458.

Fusion Facts, a monthly newsletter. P.O. Box 48639,
Salt Lake City, UT 84158.

Fusion Technology, a technical journal published by the ANS has
published many articles about cold fusion. Contact: Publications Manager,
The American Nuclear Society, 555 North Kensington Ave, Lagrange
Park, IL 60525.

Compilations by Dieter Britz on Internet (Reviews published articles
and other features. Conferences papers are not listed, and therefore
only the +ve papers which have actually circumnavigated the censors are


Eugene Mallove "FIRE FROM ICE: Searching for the Truth
Behind the Cold Fusion Furor" (John Wiley & Sons, May, 1991)
Note the table on pages 246 through 248 which
lists scores of laboratories who have measured and reported
excess heat, and in many cases other particles.

"FUSION ENERGY, Hearing before the Subcommittee on
Energy of the Committee on Science, Space and Technology,
U.S. House of Representatives," ISBN 0-16-041505-5.
(May 5, 1993) U.S. Government Printing Office, 202-783-3238

Other texts include those by Peat, Frank Close, Taubes, and Huizenga.
Howver these fourt present a much more limited historical review
focusing mainly upon the first year (or so) of cold fusion.
The last three have a different parallax (i.e. very negative) views.

M. Fleischmann (Univ. Southampton), S. Pons (IMRA Europe),
"Calorimetry of the Pd-D2O system: from simplicity via complications to
simplicity," Physics Letters A, 176 (1993) 118-129

E. Storms (Los Alamos), "Review of Experimental Observations About
The Cold Fusion Effect," Fusion Technology, Vol. 20, Dec. 1991 433 -
477. A superb technical introduction to the field.

M. H. Miles and R. A. Hollins (Naval Air Weapons Center), B.F. Bush
and J.J. Lagowski (Univ. Texas), "Correlation of excess power and
helium production during D2O and H2O electrolysis using palladium
cathodes," J. of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 346 (1993) 99 - 117.

A. B. Karabut, Ya. R. Kucherov, I. B. Savvatimova, "Nuclear product
ratio for glow discharge in deuterium," Phys. Lett. A 170 265 (1992).

Excellent reviews critical of so-called "negative" papers:
Vesselin Noninski, Fusion Technology, 23, 474 (1993).

Melvin H. Miles, Benjamin F. Bush, and David E.
Stilwell, "Calorimetric Principles and Problems in Measurements of Excess
Power during Pd-D2O Electrolysis," J. Phys. Chem. (Feb. 17, 1994

The Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF4), was
sponsored by EPRI, Advanced Nuclear Systems, and held December 6 -
9, 1993, at Hyatt Regency Maui, Lahaina, HI. For information
EPRI, Linda Nelson, P.O. Box 10412, Palo Alto, CA 94303-9743

Frontiers of Cold Fusion, ed. H. Ikegami. The proceedings of the Third
International Conference on Cold Fusion (Nagoya, Japan, October 21 -
25, 1992) in Nagoya, Japan. Available from Universal Academy Press,
Inc., PR Hogo 5 Bldg., 6-16-2, Hongo, Bunkyo Tokyo 113, JAPAN.

The Science of Cold Fusion, ed. T. Bressani. The proceedings of the
Second Annual Conference On Cold Fusion. (Como, Italy, June 29 - July
4, 1991); contact: SIF, Via L. degli Ondalo 2, 40124 Bologna, ITALY.

3. Tabulation of Arguments against and order-of-magnitude

Here are some of the claims skeptics use. However, the generation
of helium, linked to the reactions, the autoradiography of the active
electrodes, and the increased power density levels are consistent with
a possible nuclear contribution.

======== Putative Effects put forth to Explain Excess enthalpies (*) ====
============= Excess Power (milliwatts) accounted for =========
Anode Effect (**) 0.0
EMI interference << 0.001 (est.)
Logajan Effect (^ D2O thermal cond.) ***
in cell IF not considered
Recombination 1993) 1.6 **--
Silicate Deposition 1992) 0.0 (max)
Lithium Deposition 1993) 0.0 (max) **##
Beuhler Effect 1992) 0.0 (max) ****
Peroxides **@@


* Some of these are not applicable to all systems (eg. both D2O and H2O)
Furthermore, the final column is excess heat, and not generated heat.
** The Anode Effect is characterized by a very recognizable V-I curve
and lamellar gas flow characteristics and occurs at
the anode in the vast majority of cases reported therein.
"Anode Effect in Aqueous Electrolysis" Herbert H Kellogg, J. Electrochem.
Soc., 97, 133 (1950)
*** Sign is such that this effect, if it occurs actually increases previous
estimates of reported excess heats.
**-- Steven and J. Jones posted data of about 1.6 milliwatt at ambient.
**## Hypothesis involving depositing metallic lithium upon the cathode
(ca. 1/30 mole) covering it with a surface to prevent reaction with water,
and then suddenly converting the cathode to anode which now become the
site of oxidation. No mention made of the transferrance required.
One good recent article on Lithium morphology of anodes (i.e. Li batteries)
undergoing such processes (max 0.5 C/cm2, 2 mA/cm2 DME +/- propylene
carbonate) shows cycling is dependant upon the morphology of the lithium
deposits (In Situ Observation & Eval of Electrodeposited Lithium by ..
Op Microscopy and AC Impedance Spec., J. Elec. Soc, 140, 10 p2745 ('93)).
**** Brought up on Internet circa 1992 regarding alligator-like clips
incurring significant in-line electrical resistances. Argued both ways
(see. postings of Jones and Noninski and others circa Nov. 19, 1992)
but in any case could not account for observed and calibrated excess
heats in experiments using protium and nickel.
**@@ Thought to be a component of potential interference by some, but
levels sufficient to account for excess enthalpies have not been measured.
--------------------------------------------------------- v.7715

The documents here were previously published with the old Elektromagnum site for speculative physics. It consists of material on Cold Fusion, Electromagnetism (ball lightning, possible relations between electromagnetism and gravitation, Hoopers "motional electrical field", longitudinal stress in electromagnetic conductors, the Searl effect, etc.), Free Energy Inventions, Gravitation and anti-gravitation, Unorthodox perspectives on Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, and some more obscure phenomena.

The material reproduced here has not been reviewed by the Swedish Association for New Physics and is provided "as is". Quality of the material is varying.

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